natural ways of increasing fertility zyban over the counter plavix generic costco signs of naproxen overdose how to use levitra 20 mg cytotec prescription information cheapest place to buy alligator clips how much does walgreens pay per hour in california nitrofurantoin without script buy levitra tablets us buy viagra online cheap metronidazole 500mg used for chlamydia cheap metformin no script paxil results forum 1000 mg dramamine plendil cheap price where to buy proventil mg is it illegal to order generic toprol xl acai green tea pills benefits legal medicine from canada cymbalta woldwide shipping pomegranate juice prostate cancer where purchase amantadine western drug erythromycin viagra male enhancement distributors como usar rhinocort how to use zovirax cold sore cream where is lisinopril made purchase periactin 4 mg what is the mechanism of action for synthroid prinivil prices cvs order dostinex no rx canadian pharmacy desyrel online overnight atrovent online legally order non generic methotrexate buy tamoxifen citrate nolvadex pharmacy buy finpecia perth australia what is kamagra oral jelly 100mgs medrol mexico pharmacy 100 mg xeloda zenegra in the uk now alli canada overnight delivery buy flea medication online canada resources for dapoxetine too much thyroid medication in dogs adalat low dose birth control order bentyl lowest price bactrim ds 800 160 and alcohol over the counter avodart pharmacy technician training cardizem order by phone ginseng price 2009 long term use of fosamax side effects to buy acticin in uk tijuana pharmacy xanax buy deltasone online canada no prescription chloramphenicol 10 mg g long term side effects of wellbutrin xl buy lasix boots pharmacy cialis super active over the counter canada no rx apcalis sx online clomid for men online mail-order bystolic risperdal discount code top pharmaceutical companies india 2011 orlistat india cost prozac nation quotes movie canadian alliance for development initiatives and projects pakistan buying depo provera online buy zovirax ointment online mail-order grifulvin v bactrim order canada starlix order canada proscar vs propecia for hair loss benfotiamine cost in canada is purchasing prescription drugs from canada legal what is shatavari made of phenergan iv shortage omnicef drug oversea lamictal xr sales donde comprar cipro atorvastatin spc ortho tri-cyclen side effects information on zetia medication capoten delivered to your home buy brand amoxil next day metformin dosage recommended where to buy sinemet cr buy celexa hong kong coal and allied generic induction dramamine pas cher cheap metformin autotrader lipitor birth control online australia eldepryl 10 mg sildenafil citrate tablets dose costco pharmacy tulasi price can clomid be taken without a period azithromycin tablets 250mg and alcohol paroxetine overnight line view topic telmisartan and amlodipine besylate tablets mobic ordering online pharmacy over counter allopurinol viagra dosage and administration depakote over the couter comprar elocon online online generic dutas propecia 1mg price bringing prescription drugs into us from canada order alligator tail said junel 1 20 drug kytril online pharmacy uk aciclovir american generics what does minocycline work for mail order nizagara online phenergan india ordering cialis levitra ceftin best price purchase shatavari cheap calan lowest price purchase generic rogaine 2 endep medication how much is avapro tablets order rosuvastatin 20 mg how long does it take for micardis to work precose medicine online do you need rx buspar buy detrol online india cheapest place to buy malegra fxt buy tadalis sx hong kong buy rogaine 2 greece history naturopathic medicine canadian perspective advair diskus 500/50 purchase mevacor online is nitrofurantoin available on line in canada cheapest citalopram in the uk parlodel tablets online asacol coupons no prescription alesse furosemide generic for parlodel from usa entocort online bestellen para que sirve glucofage 850mg order nootropil online uk is viagra otc generic viagra online review code red seven second pill is there generic viagra in canada what is ashwagandha extract used for viagra mexico precio snovitra super power pharmacy coupons alesse mg buy brand avodart for sale order risperdal 4mg where to buy alligator meat in maryland non perscription hydrochlorothiazide best female viagra uk generic precose for sale on line pletal australia canadian meds store reviews orlistat 120 mg availability does viagra require a doctor prescription fucidin tablets 150 mg generic viagra safe india how to take swallowed flovent prometrium pharmacy buy minocin from canada what is carafate prescribed for compazine dosing for nausea positive reviews on depo provera dapoxetine non perscription countries levitra plus tablets side effects crestor medication information acquisto doxazosin sicuro online compare prices aspirin cialis super active trusted online drug stores in canada getting high off benadryl pills generic keppra side effects metronidazole flagyl and pregnancy synthroid 75 mcg dosage viagra extra pills online pharmacy no prescription needed chloroquine phenergan 100mg tablet lopid side effects muscle pain buy medicime from india voltaren injection for fever can order astelin canada generic calan for sale on line xenical in italia splitting diovan hct pills generic medicine store in new delhi suppliers of stromectol in us ventolin syrup medicine purchase pct cheap uk buy capoten online pharmacy buy tenormin 15mg online discount extendaquin otc cefixime for sale online order levitra plus in finast to buy in australia where to buy childrens zyrtec best place to order acticin in us buy mircette online no prescription us zithromax uses treatments buy kamagra paypal uk ajanta how to by minipress online buy abana with drugs best price for avodart risperdal prescription help micardis generic release date beconase aq refill pack canadian naprosyn tablet missed singulair dose coumadin uk online overnight innopran xl viagra online us no prescription viagra forums uk canada pharmacy generic effexor el viagra sirve para excitar a la mujer baclofen medication order chloramphenicol order online vente de keflex au quebec lamictal cost uk para que se usa el medicamento keflex long term side effects of renagel micronase next day shipping m361 blue pill side effects what is rheumatoid arthritis order actonel online in usa viagra en ligne paiement paypal side effects of naproxen in men myalli blog cheap tadalis sx usa caverta order on web free coupon for betnovate cheap diclofenac gel pain relief muscle relaxant betnovate ships from india oral ringworm medication buy renova cream aldactone 100 mg tablet himcocid tablets side effects para que sirve el medicamento norapred silagra pas cher italie zovirax pills cost buy cephalexin 15mg online cod bentyl bentyl pharmacies ampicillin without a script mg buy cheap viagra online us dostinex sold over counter generic imitrex buy canada neurontin medication and fibromyalgia clonidine side effects webmd ordering avodart mexico vermox 20 mg posologia buy isoniazid in ireland cheap amaryl free delivery effexor xr from canada synthroid new zealand can you get albendazole over the counter drug cipla medicine price list bactrim dosage dilantin generic lipitor no prescription cheap price online pharmacy cefixime pills allegra d available over counter free or low cost flomax long term side effects of tenormin kamagra soft mail order stromectol pill shortage viagra professional from europe all types snovitra super power pills canadian alliance of british pensioners ontario organization cialis generic online common side effects of cephalexin can you buy cialis jelly in ireland pharmacy online drug shop what is lamisil spray used for paroxetine prescription cheap diamox tablets and alcohol buy levitra professional without a subscription clomid cycle length pct alesse pill side effects buy anacin hong kong discount levitra professional otc buy arimidex paypal accepted what is the generic name for mircette low carbon alliance uk zebeta online cheap prescription solutions mail order forms fluoxetine 20mg cap barr best place to buy lotensin recommended dosage of bactrim for uti wholesale viagra chaina buy zyloprim online in usa doxycycline drugs online sale of altace best online pharmacy generic carbozyne l-tryptophan billig kaufen lexapro 10 mg twice a day capoten drug study chloroquine 10 mg pharmacy has best price vantin solu medrol dosage ms antabuse tablets 150 mg detrol for dogs buy where to buy citalopram ointment buyers of malegra dxt canada safe place order casodex hoodia diet pills holland and barrett best online pharmacies no prescription needed pill rx health order levaquin products zithromax tablets on line to buy overseas pharmacy xanax buy bupropion pills in the canada what is in paxil medication fluoxetine dosage too high can buy generic lipitor can order clonidine online over the counter drug with same ingredients as prevacid best place to buy cured live rock can order nimotop canada remeron online no prescription acyclovir tablet dosage avalide over the counter healthy male hairline cabgolin from china dostinex online order cheapest prometrium safe pyridium no prescription danazol 100mg capsules generic levlen usa pharmacy reglan generic brand craigslist killer caught how long does it take for neurontin to take effect for anxiety brahmi with no rx moduretic uses 24h pharmacy dubai buy doxycycline boots pharmacy ventolin for sale australia can i make aciphex why does generic lipitor cost so much best place to buy atorlip-10 in usa how to dose nolva and clomid for pct canada post shoppers drug mart hours ottawa buy cheap pletal pills safe place order aygestin procardia for sale usa buy cardizem mg online billig sominex online kaufen minocycline 100mg reviews new drugs from india buy aciclovir tablets uk approved mentat cheap price buy frumil online canada can you take procardia daily discount canadian pharmacy zerit absolut berry acai price synthroid india buy risperdal in uk what is nexium made up of trazodone generic name beat way to order xenical non prescription accutane pharmacy cost of alesse birth control proventil to buy in the uk without a prescription ciprofloxacin and tinidazole side effects canadian association history medicine is cymbalta better than elavil online pharmacy no prescription needed rosuvastatin low cost overnight finpecia silagra drug oversea mebendazole dosage for roundworms prednisolone side effects eyes what is ciprofloxacin used for buy medicines online india cialis 100mg tablets what does phenergan generic name provera drug oversea generic prograf cost cystone tablets very cheap claritin order medicine from canada no prescription how to get xanax online no prescription how often can i take cialis lotensin hct generic dosage medicine buy cholestoplex our online zantac for men sale in uk isotretinoin reviews philippines buyers of dutas canada cheap toprol xl uk tadalis sx generic for ou acheter propecia augmentin tablet 1000 mg nedir dutas perth australia cheap genuine keflex online can you only get malegra dxt on prescription order pills nizagara on line purchase can you buy levitra at walmart buy mebendazole online uk vpxl discount code augmentin duo india real propecia online allegra for sale online cheap cialis soft sale uk online prescriptions from doctors for adderall diamox drugstore astelin for men sale in uk buy tadacip online no prescription united states chloroquine and proguanil malaria tablets kamagra oral jelly side effects uk cytoxan shortage 2012 where to buy cheap generic silagra what is coumadin for is mail order keppra safe antivert 25 mg prices elimite generic equivalent acquistare propecia online buy homeopathic medicine online canada doxycycline uk buy zaditor eye drops best price kentucky ginseng prices 2012 can you buy viagra over the counter in thailand sildenafil nike 360 air max men buy mircette birth control online buy levaquin in ireland viagra women sale australia trental buy online buy lanoxin visa benadryl allergy tablets side effects can you order flagyl online printable prilosec coupons buy effexor xr online overnight delivery can you buy arimidex canada does prilosec work better than prevacid dutas where to purchase water pills high blood pressure deltasone overnight neurontin medication interactions viagra four pack order medications from mexico eve mentat tutorial cialis mexico adalat india buy avalide online overnight buy canada no prescription for zetia provera generic wikipedia drugs is viagra safe for young men azithromycin dose pack dosage alli weight loss drug canada how to buy biaxin in london furosemide pharmacy order adalat dosage forms dramamine supositorios 100 mg can you buy altace drugs side effects tesco pharmacy summer placement application buy alli 120 refill low prices buy artane 100 paypal viagra in canada top drugstore foundations for dry skin snorting seroquel high blue mountain pharmacy columbia md viramune suppositories buy buy brand mestinon ampicillin generic usa purchase tamoxifen pills lotrisone reviews and dosage prevacid solutab prices what is antabuse side effects buy trileptal astrailia zithromax antibiotics alcohol pastillas para la ereccion en colombia buy alli online uk cheap isoptin shopping buy dieuritics discount code for diamox cialis money pak cheap aricept india ashwagandha order by phone buy malegra dxt tablets online where can i purchase cozaar what does the drug prandin do best place buy drugs online cipro dosage for upper respiratory infection xbox live price increase 2013 side effects of diltiazem hcl tadacip legal us buy indian drugs order propranolol no prescription where can i purchase xalatan motrin suspension 40 mg buy aciclovir tablets india online order viagra in india mycelex-g online coupon code lopid delivery what does imuran what is hyzaar ds how long do side effects of duloxetine last generic retino-a cream 0,025 cost discount fluoxetine mg zafirlukast 20 mg vs singulair adalat medication order lariam prices cvs tenormin without a prescription from india chloroquine mg tablet lipitor sales figures myambutol pills online in the canada how to import lopid canada drugs sominex with prescription order voveran 120 mg can i purchase valtrex over the counter fertomid pharmacy order buy nolvadex tablets australia american lithium houses for sale around alliance ohio overseas pharmacy forum 100mg zoloft high dose cipro cost medicine recall avalide where to mircette prednisone drug interactions alcohol buyers of haridra canada diovan compared to benicar can i drink alcohol while taking medrol dose pack buy orlistat tablets usa how to get nitrofurantoin drug generic name for midamor blue orlistat 60 discount coupon extreme acai atorlip-20 for men in usa can you drink alcohol metformin tablets myorderstatus is it safe to order doxycycline online retino ac gel price voveran sr suppliers overseas naltrexone ms para que se usa famvir buy xenical visa ortho tri-cyclen online meds lotrisone overnight delivery saturday how to take proscar 5 mg doxycycline hyclate 100mg and sun exposure buy flomax without a prescription from canadian pharmacy mexican metformin online order brand levitra online uk comprar septilin original can you purchase diflucan over counter onlineshop cialis comprar com what types of prometrium are there


Apprenez à jardiner dans le respect de votre environnement, un site de la SNHF

Jardine avec Bottine et ses amis. de 3 à 11 ans

Le meilleur de la pomme de terre

Pommes de terre Mona Lisa (C.Secq)Le marché des plants de pommes de terre pour les jardiniers reste relativement stable depuis plusieurs années en nombre d'emballages, mais baisse en tonnage. De nouveaux amateurs sont à séduire : la pomme de terre est une culture facile et gratifiante, et ses qualités nutritionnelles reconnues. Une vedette à célébrer en cette année 2008, déclarée "Année de la pomme de terre" au niveau mondial.

La pomme de terre fait partie de notre quotidien, mais beaucoup cependant la connaissent mal. Les consommateurs la restreignent et les jardiniers la négligent. Le travail des fournisseurs de plants et des organismes interprofessionnels, la multiplication des sites Internet et autres sources d'information, la prise de conscience des distributeurs devraient pallier désintérêt et réticence.

Un nom difficile à porter
Les espèces du genre Solanum étaient autrefois appelées "morelles" par les botanistes et les jardiniers. Ainsi la pomme de terre a été introduite d'abord sous le nom de "morelle tubéreuse", une appellation qui l'a longtemps desservie : un rapprochement était effectivement fait avec la morelle noire, végétal hautement toxique. C'est sans doute pour cela qu'elle fut accusée de tous les maux - notamment de transmettre la lèpre - sa consommation étant longtemps en conséquence réservée aux seuls animaux. Elle fut aussi appelée "truffe noire", "truffole, "cartoufle", "tartoufle", "trouffle"... "papa" par les Indiens du Pérou. Quant au mot de patate, il dérive de son nom nahuatl (langue du Mexique) "potatl". Il semble que l'appellation "pomme de terre" ait été utilisée pour la première fois en 1762 par le botaniste Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau (alors que les Flamands la qualifiaient de "poire de terre"). Des débuts difficiles, mais une grande carrière, et ceci au niveau mondial.

La pomme de terre dans le monde
La pomme de terre arrive en quatrième position des plantes alimentaires et constitue la base de l'alimentation de millions de personne dans le monde. Sa production a été évaluée en 2006 à 315 millions de tonnes. La Chine arrive en tête avec 70 millions de tonnes, suivie par la Russie (30 millions), l'Inde (24 millions), les USA et l'Ukraine (chacun 20 millions), la Hollande (6,5 millions), la France (4,5 à 4,7 millions). Il faut préciser que les rendements varient considérablement d'un pays à l'autre. Si la France se distingue avec 42 tonnes à l'hectare, la Chine se classe parmi les derniers pays avec seulement 15 t/ha, les conditions sanitaires étant assez mauvaises. L'importance de sa récolte s'explique par celle de sa superficie. La consommation moyenne par habitant est faible en Chine (20 kg/an) où le riz est l'aliment principal, chiffre loin des moyennes européennes (70 kg/an au total, en frais et en produits transformés). Mais, là encore, l'importance de la population chinoise en fait le premier consommateur mondial. Selon l'Union française des producteurs de pommes de terre, la production 2007 en Allemagne, Pays-Bas, Grande-Bretagne, France et Belgique a augmenté de 7,5% par rapport à l'année précédente.

La santé par la pomme de terre
Dans nos pays occidentaux, la pomme de terre est souvent considérée comme un féculent calorique, ce qui explique une certaine prévention à son encontre, surtout chez les consommatrices. Or des études récentes démontrent tous les bienfaits que ce tubercule peut dispenser. C'est un des légumes les plus riches en vitamine C, cet antioxydant permettant une meilleure absorption du fer. La présence de glucides complexes, d'oligo-éléments, de potassium et de fibres permet à la pomme de terre de jouer un rôle non négligeable dans la lutte contre le cancer, les maladies cardiovasculaires, le diabète, l'obésité. Elle augmente les défenses de notre organisme et participe à l'élimination des radicaux libres. Les apports nutritionnels de la pomme de terre ne sont pas négligeables. Pour 100 g cuits à l'eau, selon le Professeur Sabatier, la valeur énergétique est de 85 Kcal, avec 19 g de glucides, 2 g de protides et 0,1 g de lipides. La vitamine C est présente pour 13 mg, les fibres pour 1,5 g, le potassium à raison de 410 mg, le magnésium de 27 mg. Pour 100 g de pommes de terre, la valeur calorique dépend de la préparation culinaire : elle est de 85 Kcal pour des pommes de terre cuites à l'eau, 94 à 100 Kcal en purée ou gratin... mais 274 Kcal en frites, 568 Kcal en chips. La meilleure façon de consommer ce tubercule est de le faire cuire à la vapeur dans sa peau pour conserver toutes ses vitamines et de le cuisiner rapidement après l'achat ou la récolte au jardin.

Pour connaître les meilleures variétés, suivre les bon plants...


Portrait de MH LoaëcMarie-Hélène Loaëc
Article paru dans Jardins de France
Mars 2008


acheter les actes du colloque Quand les plantes se parlent